PakSat 1R at 38.0°E Satellite data now

PakSat 1R at 38.0°E covers all Pakistani and Middle Eastern territories in different dWB values in C and Ku Band.

General Data

Satellite Name: Paksat-1R
Status: Active
Position: 38° E (38° E)
NORAD: 37779
Cospar ID: 2011-042A
Official Website: Click on the Spot Beam images below to visit the official website
Launch date: 11-Aug-2011
About: Scroll down to the bottom of the page to read more about the satellite
Launch vehicle: Long March CZ-3B/E
Launch mass (kg): 5115
Dry mass (kg): 2100
Manufacturer: China Great Wall Industry Corporation (CGWIC)
Model of the satellite: DFH-4 Bus
Orbit: GEO

Spot Beams

PakSat 1R C Band
PakSat 1R Ku Band
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C Band
42 dBW41 dBW40 dBW39 dBW38 dBW37 dBW36 dBW35 dBW34 dBW33 dBW32 dBW31 dBW30 dBW
80-100 cm90-115 cm100-125 cm115-145 cm125-160 cm145-180 cm160-200 cm180-225 cm200-255 cm225-285 cm255-320 cm285-360 cm320-400 cm
Ku Band
50 dBW49 dBW48 dBW47 dBW46 dBW45 dBW44 dBW43 dBW42 dBW41 dBW40 dBW39 dBW38 dBW
50-60 cm55-65 cm60-75 cm65-85 cm75-95 cm85-105 cm95-120 cm105-135 cm120-150 cm135-170 cm150-190 cm170-215 cm190-240 cm


Paksat 1R is a geostationary communications satellite positioned at an orbital slot of 38.0°E, serving Pakistan and the surrounding regions. Launched on August 11, 2011, by the China Great Wall Industry Corporation (CGWIC) on behalf of the Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO), Paksat 1R was developed to replace the aging Paksat 1. This satellite embodies a significant milestone in Pakistan’s space program, underscoring the nation’s commitment to advancing its space capabilities.

The primary mission objectives of Paksat 1R include providing reliable communication services, enhancing broadcast capabilities, and supporting data transmission across a broad footprint. This includes services such as Direct-to-Home (DTH) television, broadband internet, telephony, and remote sensing applications. The satellite’s key specifications feature 30 transponders, comprising both C-band and Ku-band frequencies, which facilitate diverse communication needs and ensure robust signal coverage.

One of the standout features of Paksat 1R is its strategic orbital location at 38.0°E. This particular geostationary position enables the satellite to cover a wide geographical area, encompassing South Asia, Central Asia, the Middle East, Eastern Europe, and parts of Africa. This extensive coverage is instrumental in bridging communication gaps, providing vital services to remote areas, and boosting regional connectivity.

The development of Paksat 1R was a collaborative effort between SUPARCO and CGWIC, highlighting international cooperation in space technology. The satellite was designed and manufactured by the China Academy of Space Technology (CAST), reflecting the advanced engineering capabilities and expertise involved in its creation. The successful deployment and operation of Paksat 1R have significantly enhanced Pakistan’s satellite infrastructure, contributing to the country’s socio-economic development by improving access to communication services and information dissemination.

Technical Specifications and Capabilities

Paksat 1R at 38.0°E, is a geostationary communications satellite with a robust array of technical specifications supporting a wide range of services. The satellite’s payload capacity includes 30 transponders, of which 12 operate in the C-band and 18 in the Ku-band. These transponders facilitate broad coverage and high-capacity data transmission, crucial for various applications such as broadcasting, internet services, and telecommunications.

The satellite’s frequency bands are strategically divided to optimize performance. The C-band transponders are primarily used for wide-area broadcasting and telecommunication services, offering reliable signal transmission even in adverse weather conditions. Meanwhile, the Ku-band transponders provide high-bandwidth communication capabilities, ideal for internet services, direct-to-home (DTH) broadcasting, and enterprise network solutions.

Power Systems

Paksat 1R has advanced power systems, including dual solar arrays capable of generating approximately 7 kW of power. This energy is essential for maintaining the satellite’s operational functions, including its communication payloads and onboard technologies. The satellite also features a sophisticated propulsion system designed for station-keeping and orbital adjustments, ensuring its stable position at 38.0°E over its expected 15-year mission life.

The onboard technologies of Paksat 1R include state-of-the-art transponder equipment and data handling systems, which enable efficient and high-speed data transfer rates. These capabilities support a wide range of services, such as high-definition television (HDTV) broadcasting, broadband internet access, and secure telecommunication links. The satellite’s communication capabilities provide reliable connectivity in remote and underserved regions.

In summary, Paksat 1R’s technical specifications and capabilities position it as a critical asset in the satellite communications landscape. Its diverse transponder types, robust power systems, and advanced technologies ensure it can support a wide array of services, meeting the growing demands of modern communication networks.

Paksat 1R, positioned at 38.0°E, plays a pivotal role in delivering a myriad of services across different sectors. Its contributions to telecommunications, broadcasting, disaster management, and remote sensing are particularly noteworthy. The satellite’s robust capacity and advanced technology support a range of applications, thereby fostering growth and efficiency in various industries.


In the telecommunications sector, Paksat 1R facilitates reliable communication channels, especially in remote and underserved areas. By providing extensive coverage, it ensures seamless connectivity for both voice and data services. This is crucial for businesses that rely on constant communication for their operations. Telecommunication companies leverage the satellite to extend their networks, offering enhanced mobile and internet services to a broader customer base.


Broadcasting services have significantly benefited from Paksat 1R’s capabilities. The satellite provides a stable platform for the transmission of television and radio signals. This has enabled broadcasters to reach wider audiences with high-quality content. Educational institutions utilize these broadcasting services to deliver distance learning programs, ensuring that education is accessible to students in remote areas. Additionally, the satellite supports the dissemination of crucial information, such as public health campaigns and emergency notices, to the public.

Disaster Management

In disaster management, Paksat 1R offers vital support through its remote sensing and communication services. The satellite provides real-time data and imagery that aid in monitoring natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, and storms. This information is crucial for government agencies and disaster response teams to plan and execute timely interventions. The satellite’s communication capabilities also ensure that affected areas remain connected, facilitating coordination and relief efforts.

Remote Sensing

Remote sensing applications have been greatly enhanced by Paksat 1R. The satellite’s ability to capture high-resolution images and data is invaluable for environmental monitoring, agricultural planning, and resource management. For instance, farmers use satellite data to monitor crop health, optimize irrigation, and predict yields. Governments and businesses rely on this information for urban planning, infrastructure development, and environmental conservation projects.

Several significant projects have been bolstered by the capabilities of Paksat 1R. For example, national security agencies utilize its communication services for surveillance and border monitoring. Educational initiatives like virtual classrooms and e-learning platforms have expanded their reach, thanks to the satellite’s broadcasting capabilities. Moreover, various government programs aimed at rural development and disaster resilience have seen improved outcomes through the satellite’s comprehensive data and communication support.

Future Prospects and Challenges

The future outlook for Paksat 1R and similar satellite technologies is both promising and fraught with challenges. As the demand for satellite data and services continues to grow, there is an imperative need for continuous upgrades and innovations. Paksat 1R is expected to undergo several enhancements to improve its capabilities, ranging from advanced payload technologies to more efficient energy management systems. These upgrades aim to extend the satellite’s operational life and enhance its data transmission capacities.

One of the key innovations anticipated in the near future is the integration of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and machine learning algorithms. These technologies can significantly enhance the satellite’s ability to process and analyze data in real-time, thereby offering more precise and actionable insights. Additionally, advancements in sensor technologies are expected to provide higher-resolution imagery and more detailed environmental monitoring.

However, the operation and maintenance of satellites like Paksat 1R come with their set of challenges. Space debris poses a significant risk, potentially damaging the satellite and impairing its functionality. Orbital crowding is another concern, as the increasing number of satellites in geostationary orbit raises the risk of collisions and interference. Technological obsolescence also remains a critical issue, necessitating regular updates to keep the satellite in line with current technological standards.

Challenges Ahead

To address these challenges, ongoing research and development are crucial. Investment in advanced materials and propulsion technologies can mitigate some of the risks associated with space debris and orbital crowding. Collaboration with international space agencies and the private sector can also foster the development of more resilient and versatile satellite systems.

In conclusion, the future of Paksat 1R hinges on a balanced approach that combines technological innovation with proactive risk management. Continuous advancements and strategic planning are essential to ensure that Paksat 1R and its successors remain at the forefront of satellite technology, meeting the evolving demands for satellite data and services.